The centrifuge tubes are cylinder shaped calibrated glass containers commonly used for the analysis and separation of various materials in the laboratory (centrifugation procedures). They needed to be fit into the centrifuge slots for the experiments.
These are used to test solid-liquid or immiscible liquid samples by the lab technicians. First, they deposit various substances into the centrifuge tubes and then they secure them into the centrifuge within the slots. For the rotation, the lab technicians spin the tubes at proper speeds until the denser particles in each substance gather at the point farthest from the axis and vice-versa.
A wide range of laboratory centrifuge tubes are available in plastic, copolymers, polypropylene and polystyrene.
It ranges from micro-centrifuge tubes with caps to larger tubes capable of 50,000 grams in refrigerated centrifuges.
There are different types of centrifuge tubes widely used for different purposes such as:-
- Conical Bottom Tubes
- Microcentrifuge Tubes- Snap Cap
- Microcentrifuge Tubes- Screw Cap and so on
How to use a centrifuge to avoid mishaps
There are few key guidelines for operating a centrifuge tube in order to prevent damage to the centrifuge and possible serious injuries to the lab doctors or technicians:-
- Always work on an even surface, don’t use the centrifuge on an uneven surface or a slanted one. The surface should be properly leveled and firm.
- It is safe to balance the centrifuge tubes in the rotor, say for- if you want to run a centrifuge tube with 20 mL of liquid, it is smart to put another tube with 20 mL of water in the opposing hole on the rotor. And if the liquid has a varying density than water, then the best possible way is to balance the tubes by mass not volume.
- Never ever, open the lid while the rotor is moving. It can be really dangerous at times. Although, there are many centrifuges that come with a “safety shutoff” if the lid is opened but it only stops the power of the rotor. The rotor will still spin due to its own inertia and thus it is better to be careful at the first place.
- While the rotation of the centrifuge tubes, a little vibration is normal but excessive wobbling can mean danger. Always, double check whether the tubes are correctly balanced or not. Do not take the risk to continue running a centrifuge that is shaking or wobbling while the rotor is spinning.
- If you are in a laboratory, it is always preferable to wear a face shield or safety glasses. And if you are working near a centrifuge then it is a must.
- Do not touch, bump or move the centrifuge while the rotor is still spinning.
- It is better to clean the rotor and centrifuge well after each use to avoid further disruptions.